What is SIRIO?
In 2016, UNICRI developed the Knowledge Center “Security Improvements through Research, Technology and Innovation" (SIRIO) in Geneva. The Center collaborates with a diverse range of partners, including industry and research institutions (from both the public and private sectors) as well as governmental and intergovernmental entities.
The primary purpose of SIRIO is to analyse and promote knowledge and technology-based solutions aimed at addressing emerging security risks.
SIRIO focuses on several thematic areas, including supply chain security, critical infrastructures, cyber-space, the management of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials, as well as the potential security threats related to Big Data analytics, biotechnology and nano-technology, and artificial intelligence. The primary objectives of the Center are:
1) Identifying and analysing emerging and future security risks;
2) Mapping technology innovations to meet security needs;
3) Raising awareness among policy-makers about emerging risks and innovative solutions;
4) Developing a global network of relevant stakeholders to exchange knowledge and capacities
What methodology? The three-step process
SIRIO employs a three-step process to engage partners and address emerging security risks:
1) Analysis and identification of emerging security risks in the identified thematic areas: UNICRI, together with national experts, develops and compiles risk scenarios, based on existing cases and literature to be discussed in thematic workshops. The risk scenarios will describe:
2) Mapping technology solutions: following the validation of risk scenarios, SIRIO conducts a second series of workshops involving security experts, industry representatives, academia and international organizations. The objective is to explore practical technology-driven solutions to mitigate the identified risks associated with the scenarios.
3) Conduct capacity-building initiatives and inform policy-makers about emerging risks and innovative solutions: SIRIO conducts international meetings globally, including briefings at the United Nations Palais des Nations in Geneva, with the aim of informing its partners and UN Member States about future risk scenarios and innovative technology solutions. The goal is not to predict the future, but to reflect on how different risk factors may interact in the future, what knowledge and actions are required, and how innovative technology solutions can support the development and implementation of long-term strategies. During these briefings, validated risk scenarios and related technology solutions are presented.
SIRIO will initially focus on the following topics:
- Supply chain security;
- Protection of critical infrastructures;
- Blockchain technologies;
- Big Data Analytics;
- Biotechnology and nano-technology; and
- Artificial Intelligence and robotics.
These topics represent the core areas of focus, where SIRIO engages stakeholders to enhance preparedness and policy development regarding emerging security challenges and technological advancements.
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What has been done?
SIRIO has produced three reports on emerging security risks and possible technological responses:
SIRIO has also organized awareness-raising and capacity building activities on emerging security risks and technology-based responses, including: